Examining the Genetic Relationship of Binukid Language Varieties (PDF)


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This study attempted to examine the genetic relationship of the three Binukid language varieties namely Higaonon Binukid, Talaandig Binukid, and Bukidnon Binukid. These three Binukid varieties are particularly spoken by the Higaonon, Talaandig, and Bukidnon tribal groups in the province of Bukidnon. Knowing the genetic relationship of these three Binukid varieties will shed light to the present inconsistencies about the Binukid language. By examining the phonological variations and sound correspondences of the three Binukid varieties and with the use of the Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP), the study revealed that Higaonon and Bukidnon Binukid varieties are more similar gaining 98.61 percent similarity in Swadesh 100 Wordlist and 97.56 percent similarity in Swadesh 40 Wordlist. Meanwhile, Talaandig Binukid variety gradually diverged from the other two varieties 48 years ago. This divergence was illustrated in a language tree at the end of the study.

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Mary Ann E. Tarusan


Publication Date

January 15, 2023

No. of Pages


About the author

Dickson P. Pagente, LPT, PhD finished his doctorate degree in applied linguistics at the University of Mindanao, Davao City, Philippines. Currently, he is an associate professor and the research director of San Agustin Institute of Technology, Valencia City, Bukidnon, Philippines. His research interests include language education, Philippine languages, stylistics, lexicostatistics, and social science research.

About the Contributor

Mary Ann E. Tarusan, EdD, PhD is a professor, offsite research coordinator, and technical assistant of the Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Linguistics and Master of Arts in Communication programs of the Professional Schools of the University of Mindanao, Davao City, Philippines. Her research interests include literature, language, media, and women’s rights.