Cooperation, Competition and Confrontation in Nigeria-South Africa Relations 1960-2015

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This study examines Nigeria-South Africa relations based on the themes of cooperation, confrontation and competition. It examines the origin, dynamism and challenges of Nigeria-South Africa relations putting in realist perspective, South Africa’s perceived confrontational foreign policy which negates the principle of reciprocity. Hence the adoption of the realist theory which argues that Nigeria-South Africa relations should be conducted on the basis of national interest backed by elements of power. A combination of qualitative method was engaged in this study, and the chronological scope of the study is 1994-2017. It is recommended that South Africans especially their youths be educated on the role Nigeria played in their liberation struggle while Nigeria should concern herself with improving her image as the ‘giant of Africa’, and work hard to develop infrastructure, diversify her economy and adapt to the dynamic foreign policy environments of the 21st century.

Additional information

Author

ISBN

Publication Date

May 4, 2024

No. of Pages

248

Size

Binding

Paperback

About the author

Dr. Hope Iwuchuku, is a doctor of philosophy in history and diplomatic studies, and specialising in international studies and diplomacy.

Table of contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication …………………………………………………………………………………………………. v
Acknowledgment ………………………………………………………………………………………vii
Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..ix
CHAPTER ONE :
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study ……………………………………………………………………. 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem …………………………………………………………………12
1.3 Aim & Objectives of the Study ………………………………………………………….14
1.4 Significance of the Study …………………………………………………………………..14
1.5 Scope and Limitation of the Study ……………………………………………………14
CHAPTER TWO :
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Conceptual Review …………………………………………………………………………..17
2.2 Theoretical Framework …………………………………………………………………….26
2.3 Empirical Review ……………………………………………………………………………..42
2.4 Summary Literature Review ……………………………………………………………..51
CHAPTER THREE :
METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Method ……………………………………………………………………………..55
3.2 Research Design ……………………………………………………………………………….55
3.3 Sampling Technique …………………………………………………………………………55
3.4 Criteria for Subject Selection…………………………………………………………….56
3.5 Sources of Data…………………………………………………………………………………56
3.6 Method of Data Analysis ………………………………………………………………….57
CHAPTER FOUR :
DISCUSSION AND FINDINGS
4.1 The History of South Africa in Relation to
Nigeria’s Afrocentric Policy ……………………………………………………………… 59
4.1.1 South African Cultural Exclusivity …………………………………………….71
4.2 The Theme of Cooperation in Nigeria-South Africa Relations …………. 73
4.2.1 Nigeria’s Cooperation with South African
Liberation Movement ………………………………………………………………..75
4.2.2 Cooperation in the Post-apartheid Era ………………………………………89
4.3 The Theme of Competition and the Struggle for
Supremacy Amongst Africa’s Two Super Powers ……………………………… 99
4.3.1 The Tussle ………………………………………………………………………………..100
4.3.2 The United Nations Security Council ……………………………………….102
4.4 The Theme Of Confrontation In Nigeria-South Africa Relations …….111
4.4.1 The Apartheid Experience ………………………………………………………..112
4.4.2 Trends in Confrontation 1960-1993 …………………………………………125
4.4.3 Trends in Confrontation 1993-1999 …………………………………………128
4.4.4 Trends in Confrontation 1999-2015 …………………………………………132
4.4.5 Interview Responses …………………………………………………………………140
4.5 Challenges and Prospects for Nigeria-South Africa Relations …………151
4.6 Prospects for Nigeria-South Africa Relations ………………………………….157
CHAPTER FIVE :
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary ………………………………………………………………………………………..171
5.2 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………………..174
5.3 Recommendations ………………………………………………………………………….175
5.3 Contribution to Knowledge ……………………………………………………………177
References ……………………………………………………………………………………………….179
Appendix ………………………………………………………………………………………………..203
Photographs ……………………………………………………………………………………………209